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雅思詞匯拒絕單調平庸 寫作常用同義替換技巧

中國雅思網 發表時間:2018年12月6日

1. individuals,characters替換(people ,persons)

2. positive,favorable, rosy (美好的),promising(有希望的),perfect, pleasurable , excellent, outstanding, superior替換good

3. dreadful,unfavorable, poor, adverse, ill (有害的)替換bad

注 如果bad做表語,可以有be less impressive替換

eg An army of college students indulge themselves in playing games,enjoying romance with girls/boys or killing time passively in their dorms. When it approaches to graduation,as a result, they find their academic records are less impressive

4. (an army of, an ocean of, a sea of, a multitude of ,a host of, many, if not most)替換many.

注 用many, if not most 一定要小心,many后一定要有詞。

eg Many individuals, if not most, harbor the idea that….同理,用most, if not all ,替換most.

5. as lice of, quite a few, several替換some

6. harbor the idea that, take the attitude that, hold the view that, it is widely shared that,it is universally acknowledged that替換think

注 因為是書面語,所以要加that

7. affair,business ,matter替換thing

8. shared替換common

9. reap huge fruits替換get many benefits

10. for my part ,from my own perspective替換in my opinion

11. Increasing(ly),growing替換more and more

注 沒有growingly這種形式。所以當修飾名詞時用increasing/growing.修飾形容詞,副詞用increasingly.

eg sth has gained growing popularity. Sth is increasingly popular with the advancement of sth.

12. little if anything, 或little or nothing替換hardly

13. beneficial,rewarding替換helpful

14. shopper,client, consumer, purchaser, 替換customer

15. exceedingly,extremely, intensely替換very

16. hardly necessary, hardly inevitable ... 替換 unnecessary, avoidable

17. sth appeals to sb, sth exerts a tremendous fascination on sb 替換sb take interest in / sb. be interested in

18. capture one’s attention替換attract one’s attention.

19. facet,dimension, sphere代aspect

20. be indicative of ,be suggestive of ,be fearful of代 indicate, suggest ,fear

21. give rise to, lead to, result in, trigger替換cause.

22.There are several reasons behind sth替換..reasons for sth

23. desire替換want.

24. pour attention into替換pay attention to

25. bear in mind that替換remember

26.enjoy, possess 替換have


27.interaction 替換communication

28. frown on sth替換be against , disagree with sth

29. to name only a few, as an example替換 for example, for instance

30.next to / virtually impossible,替換nearly / almost impossible


瑣碎的,不重要的,微不足道的—trivial frivolous superficial trifling worthless

輕視,貶抑—disdain despise reject scorn contempt derogate depreciate

嘲笑,嘲諷—deride mock ridicule scorn sneer quip flout hack persiflage taunt

容易沖動的—impetuous hasty headlong rash brash passionate precipitate reckless

理論家,空談家—doctrinaire pedant theorist

殘忍的,野蠻的—ferocious bloodthirsty brutal cruel fierce vicious wild atrocious

邪惡的,有害的,致命的—sinister diabolic corrupt forbidding pernicious virulent

秘密的,偷偷的—cryptic furtive covert covered hidden hideaway

避難所—asylum haven home institution refuge shelter harbor

節約的—frugal prudent saving economical sparing thrifty abstemious stint

浪費的,揮霍的—prodigal extravagant lavish spendthrift wasteful squander

浪費時間,逗弄,嬉戲—dally dawdle delay lag linger loiter

祝福,感謝—benediction bless bliss blessing

欺騙,詐騙—deceive beguile dupe hoax mislead trick bamboozle cheat delude

逃避工作—malinger goldbrick relinquish

揭密,泄漏—uncover disclose expose open reveal unmask

掠奪,搶劫—loot predate rob pillage plunder sack spoil despoil burglarize angle

誹謗,中傷—aspersion slander derogate calumniate libel discredit denigrate

贊揚—extol compliment glorify laud praise commend acclaim eulogize

頌詞,表揚—laud eulogy ode hymn

反對,不贊成—demur deprecate dissent dissident

否認,拒絕,駁斥—contradict dispute refute renounce naysay reject repudiate gainsay

哀悼,后悔,哀嘆—deplore bemoan regret lament dirge bewail repent

驅逐,出境—deport banish expel expatriate evict exile oust exclude ostracism

居住—dwell abide reside inhabit occupy

夸張,吹牛—vaunt exaggerate bombast overstate full-blown overdo magnify amplify

夸張的—stilted lofty

傲慢,專橫—hauteur swagger imperious arrogance overbearing preemptory scurrilous contemptuous haughty insolent arbitrary

活潑的—vivacious active animated brisk dynamic energetic exuberant gay lively

惡作劇的,頑皮的——prankish naughty impish elfish devilish mischievous puckish

笨拙的,麻煩的—cumbersome bulky burdensome clumsy troublesome unmanageable bothersome gauche antic awkward ham-handed

暴亂,騷動—agitation bother commotion fret stir riot squall

大風暴—tempest violence storm

大混亂,大災難—havoc calamity catastrophe misfortune disaster mishap tragedy

巨大的,驚人的—prodigious colossal enormous extraordinary gigantic huge immense mammoth vast tremendous

例外的,奇特的,罕見的—exceptional remarkable stupendous

奇妙的,不可思議的—miraculous wonderful marvelous

大膽的,莽撞的—audacious bold brave daring gallant heroic valiant prowess

多產的,豐富的,繁茂的—prolific fecund fertile fruitful productive flourish opulent well-off munificent prosperous affluent plentiful abundant

貧瘠的,不孕的,不毛之地—barren sterile

貧困的,貧乏的,沒錢的—indigent penurious penury impecunious impoverished needy down-and -out penniless wretched destitute bankrupt

手銬,束縛—shackle handcuff manacle chain bind fetter

神秘的—mysterious esoteric occult

取消,撤銷,廢除—repeal nullify abolish quash withdraw abrogate overrule abolish annul cancel invalidate recall rescind revoke nullify retract

使衰弱,使衰老—enfeeble enervate debilitate weaken vitiate

虛弱的,衰老的—feckless flaccid flagging languid effete

恥辱,污名—tarnish stain slur disgrace brand blemish stigma discredit humiliation

持久的—everlasting perpetual permanent endurable abiding eternal

短暫的—momentary temporary transient ephemeral evanescent provisional

謹慎的,警覺的—wary chary vigilant discreet considerate cautious prudent

責備,指責,咒罵—accuse blame censure charge denounce impugn impeach indict invective execrate condemn criticize reproach reprove disapprove upbraid vituperate reprove injure reprehend rebuke inveigh diatribe abuse lambaste obloquy

免責,確定無罪—exempt exonerate exculpate invulnerable absolve

妨礙,阻撓—filibuster encumber impede hamper hinder stymie curb obstruct restrain retard hamper thwart foil clog check occlude

促進,幫助—precipitate accelerate advance facilitate hasten hurry promote quicken speed-up assist abet press

挑剔的—meticulous nitpick finicky finical exacting censoring fussy punctilious prudish fastidious choosy critical particular selective prissy

苛責,吹毛求疵的—carp cavil pick criticize quibble

迅速發展—prosper flourish thrive boom develop grow increase mushroom sprout

鎮壓—quell appease extinguish hush lull mollify pacify quiet smother

stifle subdue suppress squelsh foil slake quench

刺激—rouse arouse awaken excite foment anger inflame kindle move pique provoke disquiet incense whet stimulate stir instigate galvanize vex rile roil annoy aggravate disturb irritate

放縱—indulge coddle pamper pander-to mollycoddle humor cater dote-on

sybarite voluptuary wanton spoil

笨蛋,傻瓜—dolt numskull dunce blockhead lout idiocy idiot cretin half-wit fool dullard imbecile moron simpleton prat oaf slouch dull-head

愚蠢—idiocy stupidity absurdity madness lunacy folly

愚蠢的—crass doltish oafish imbecilic moronic fatuous vacuous

偽造,摻假—adulterate forge counterfeit falsify bogus

真正的,純種的—genuine authentic

真實的,坦誠的,誠實的—candid candor frank fair genuine open pure trustworthy trustful veracious virtuous

減弱,降低—clam appease allay alleviate ease lessen moderate pacify relieve attenuate abate

寧靜的,平靜的—quiet calm serene peaceful silent still tranquil pacific

冷靜的,不為所動的—phlegmatic impassive apathetic composed indifferent reserved unemotional unfeeling unmoved

新手,生手—apprentice neophyte novice typo greenhorn freshman uninitiated verdant

預言,預知,預告—presage predict forecast foresee foretell portend portent prophesy anticipate omen divine soothsay augur forebode presentiment

猶豫,停滯—balk boggle scruple demur falter flounder pause vacillate waver hesitate

消除,除去—efface erase obliterate raze eliminate exterminate

閑扯,瞎說—drivel prate babble chat chatter gossip blab prattle babble gabble jabber

懷脾氣的,暴躁的—cantankerous cranky irascible irritable quarrelsome

choleric apoplectic churlish petulant raspy

蹣跚,搖晃,跌倒—stagger lurch reel sway tumble waver flounder dodder ramshackle

昂首闊步—swagger strut

固執的—headstrong obstinate stubborn willful firm dogged adamant

bullheaded pigheaded inflexible tenacious rigid stiff unbending unyielding dour bigoted recalcitrant bigotry tenacity pertinacity

溫順的,馴服的—tame obedient meek gentle docile tame bonhomie

效忠,尊敬—homage adoration deference esteem honor respect reverence veneration

忠誠—fidelity allegiance attachment devotion faith fealty loyalty

精確,準確—accuracy exactness exactitude precision

簡潔的—concise terse curt brief succinct compendious condensed compressed laconic

大綱,摘要—precis compendium compendia abstract summary synopsis

扼要,說明—recapitulate summarize outline

民意測驗,民意調查—gall-up pollster

仁慈的,溫和的,寬大的—lenient benefic beneficent benign benignant clement indulgent merciful mild tolerant

陳舊的—antiquated banal shopworn antique moth-eaten old-fashioned cliche dated outmoded hackneyed time-worn threadbare trite immemorial obsolete

使成僵局,僵局—stalemate deadlock

粗略的,大概的,粗糙的—schematic cursory coarse crude rough vulgar churlish husky

吸引人的—intriguing alluring appealing attractive bewitching captivate charming enchanting enticing fascinating interesting inviting tantalizing tempting thrilling winning ingratiating

優勢,主權,權勢—clout ascendance ascendancy authority preponderance

荒謬的,愚蠢的,可笑的—preposterous absurd silly ridiculous senseless nonsensical

合理的—logical national reasonable sound

一致的,相等的,同樣的—congruent tantamount commensurate

和睦,一致—concord harmony agreement rapport conformity

分配,給予,分發—allocate allot apportion assign distribute divide

相稱的,合適的,應得的—condign becoming fitting proper suitable appropriate

微不足道的—trivial frivolous measly paltry superficial trifling worthless